Virginia, known as the Old Dominion and the Mother of Presidents, boasts the iconic Flowering Dogwood in its rolling hills. This small to medium-sized tree, not surpassing 30 feet, graces the landscape with its white to yellow blossoms. Flourishing in moist, acidic soil, it requires ample water to thrive. Although the Flowering Dogwood is a popular ornamental tree and easy to plant, Virginian planters have numerous tree options. Given Virginia’s substantial size, coastal positioning, and diverse climate, prudent growers must weigh factors such as climate, soil type, precipitation, irrigation needs, growing zones, and weather resilience when selecting the optimal tree species for their locale.
Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. If you’re looking for some quick ideas on what to plant, consider the following trees as expert-tested and The Tree Center approved:
New developments throughout the United States mean more infrastructure, more people, and more invasion of privacy. The residents of Virginia have the option to plant and tend trees that produce privacy, turning away prying eyes and loud noises and instead enjoying the quiet and peace of private property.
The Leyland Cypress is the perfect privacy tree for Virginian inhabitants. The Leyland Cypress grows quickly, adds distinct charm, and produces thick barriers between a private abode and unwanted chatter. Growing between 3 and 5 feet a year, the Leyland Cypress will give the Virginian yard the fast-growing privacy for which they have been searching. Alternatively, the Thuja Green Giant and American Holly will bring privacy, color, and solitude to the savvy planter’s yard.
Virginia experiences diverse climates due to varying elevations, ranging from hot and humid summers to mild winters across the state. Summer temperatures average around 83°F, with occasional highs reaching the 90s, while winter temperatures hover around the mid-40s, with rare lows reaching -30°F.
Virginia’s soil composition varies, with the Crider soil predominating and offering optimal drainage and fertility for tree growth. A simple soil test can determine soil type, with loam being the ideal choice for water retention and transfer to trees.
The test requires a handful of fresh soil from the layer just below the top. It should be damp but not wet. The tester should hold the soil in the palm of his/her hand and, not surprisingly, squeeze. The squeeze will produce one of three events.
Once you know what soil type you have, you can find trees best suited to the dirt’s properties. Loam is the best soil to have, as its unique qualities make it ideal for holding and transferring water to trees.
Virginia receives ample rainfall, averaging 42.7 inches annually, with frequent thunderstorms and occasional snowfall, particularly in the mountainous regions.
Despite significant rainfall, irrigation systems can aid in consistent water distribution, especially for newly planted trees susceptible to transplantation stress, ensuring their successful establishment and growth.
Virginia encompasses five USDA growing zones, each with varying temperature ranges suitable for different plant species, ranging from zone 7a in the southeast to zones with lower temperature ranges in the northwest.
Weather Damage: Virginia faces occasional hurricanes and thunderstorms, with potential wind damage and flooding, necessitating strategic tree planting away from structures and power lines to mitigate risks.