The Granite State is located in the Northeast, with a small strip of Atlantic Ocean coastline. New Hampshire is home to the Paper Birch (also known as White Birch and Canoe Birch). A medium-sized deciduous tree, the Paper Birch lives for about 140 years and reaches a typical height of 60 feet. The bark is white and peels in large strips, interspersed with vertical black gouges. The Paper Birch is found throughout the Northeast and most of Canada, and it responds poorly to heat and humidity. The Paper Birch is often the only food available mid-winter for moose and deer, and although lacking in nutritional quality, is valuable because of its abundance. Though the Paper Birch can make an ecological addition to most backyards, it is by no means the only tree available for New Hampshire planters.
Due to its varied elevations, severe winter weather, and diverse temperatures, the smart New Hampshire grower will need to consider the following:
- Soil Type
- Average Precipitation
- Growing Zones
- Weather Damage
Best Trees for New Hampshire
Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. If you’re looking for some quick ideas on what to plant, consider the following trees as expert-tested and The Tree Center approved:
- Royal Empress Trees
Ideal for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, and drought resistance.
- American Red Maple
Ideal for providing classic American aesthetic, stunning fall colors, and shade.
- Meyer Lemon Tree
Ideal for bearing fruit for delicious, edible profits, color, and adaptable qualities.
- Red Rocket Crape Myrtle
Ideal for providing year-round beauty, fast-growing growth, and drought resistance.
Fast Growing Privacy Trees in New Hampshire
A state that without doubt deserves its millions of residents, New Hampshire is continuing to attract new inhabitants from other parts of the United States. Although a boon for the local economy, new infrastructure can be invasive and annoying. Solutions exist for prying eyes and sound-producing highways. Trees that are cultivated to form protective barriers, better known as ‘privacy trees’ can be planted to afford the New Hampshire yard the solitude and peace it deserves.
Although there are many privacy trees the New Hampshire planter may plant, none is as fitting as the Willow Hybrid. The Willow Hybrid grow quickly, at upwards of 6 feet a year, and provides fast-growing privacy. Unlike many privacy tree species, the Willow Hybrid is not an evergreen but a subset of the willow, providing a unique barrier against intrusions of every kind. The Willow Hybrid is not the only option to choose from in New Hampshire. Alternatively, consider the Thuja Green Giant or Juniper ‘Witchita Blue’.
New Hampshire experiences a humid continental climate. New Hampshire has warm to hot, humid summers with daytime highs in the mid70s to low 80s and the evening temperatures dropping to about 60°F. Atlantic air causes cooling along the coast, and higher elevation regions in the mountains are also cooler. Winter averages at 34°F along the coast, with the ocean providing milder temperatures. Inland, temperatures average closer to 0°F, especially during the evening. Higher elevations also bring colder winter temperatures.
Most trees require well-drained soil rich with minerals to grow. New Hampshire’s soil consists of many varieties, the most famous being the Marlow series. Found on hills or mountains, Marlow soil is dark, well-draining, loamy, and best-suited for lumber production. Regardless of the property’s location in The Granite State, a soon-to-be tree planter can perform a simple test to determine his/her soil type.
The test requires a handful of fresh soil from the layer just below the top. It should be damp but not wet. The tester should hold the soil in the palm of his/her hand and, not surprisingly, squeeze. The squeeze will produce one of three events.
1. The soil will hold its shape, likely forming a snake. If you touch the snake, the soil will maintain its original shape. You have CLAY.
2. The soil will hold its shape, likely forming a snake. If you touch the snake, the soil will collapse. You have LOAM.
3. The soil will fall apart as you open your hands. You have SAND.
Once you know what soil type you have, you can find trees best suited to the dirt’s properties. Loam is the best soil to have, as its unique qualities make it ideal for holding and transferring water to trees.
Rainfall is plentiful in New Hampshire, with the majority of the state seeing an average of 40 inches of annual rainfall. The White Mountains do affect rainfall variations, though rain still falls evenly throughout the months, with between 2 and 4 inches falling every month. Snow is heavy in New Hampshire, with Nor’easters bring severe snowstorms dropping several feet of snow within 48 hours. Light snow falls frequently throughout the winter, from as early as October through to April.
Irrigation can be essential in a state like New Hampshire, with varying elevations. Newly planted trees require consistent and controlled access to water. An irrigation system, such as a drip or sprinkler system, can be effective at managing water dispersal. Search possible tree-planting sites for natural or manmade irrigation systems, and if none exist, consider installing one. Newly planted trees will be ensured successful growth if water access is well-managed.
New Hampshire is the 4th smallest state, and it is, therefore, surprising it is home to five unique growing zones. A growing zone simply refers to the USDA’s determination of areas where certain plants are most likely to thrive, preferring to focus on minimal temperature ranges in which a plant can survive. Many of the growing zones are due to elevation and ocean currents. Near the coast, cold temperatures are warmest, lingering near -15°F. Inland, both to the southwest and north, temperatures drop to -20°F. In the northern section of the state, along the northern border with Vermont and Canada, temperatures are much cooler, dropping to as low as -35°F near Pittsburg.
New Hampshire is most prone to severe winter weather, with Nor’easters dropping several feet of snow in blizzards. The average snowfall is 61 inches, but several feet more than that occurred in a blizzard as recently as 1993. New Hampshire is also occasionally affected by Hurricanes, which have usually lost much of their power by the time they reach this northeastern state. Small tornadoes occur on average twice annually, and thunderstorms also occur well below the national average.
If you prefer to purchase your trees or shrubs in person instead of online, we offer this comprehensive guide to purchasing a tree at your local New Hampshire nursery or garden center. However, since we don’t actually live in New Hampshire we can’t guarantee this list to be 100% accurate – but we did attempt to be as accurate as we possibly could. We have no affiliation with any of the businesses listed below and make no guarantees as to the businesses’ ability or the quality of trees you will receive. As with any purchase you make, be sure to check out the business with the Better Business Bureau, references, and any other sources you may have.
|Amherst||Ponemah Farms||42 State Route 101A||603-673-0446|
|Antrim||North Branch Landscape Supply||RR 9 & 31 S||603-588-6161|
|Atkinson||Freshwater Farm and Florist||1 Kipkam Road||603-362-6200|
|Bedford||A P Horne Nursery Co||300 S River Road||603-623-1322|
|Boscawen||Black Forest Nursery||6 Forest Lane||603-796-2756|
|Brentwood||Granite Creek Garden Center||62 Route 125||603-642-7337|
|Brentwood||Wellington Perennials||89 Rowell Road E||603-775-7780|
|Bristol||Earthly Treasures Home and Garden||150 Lake Street||603-744-5331|
|Bristol||Pond View Garden Center||790 Lake Street||603-744-0110|
|Campton||Campbell’s Country Garden||1322 Mad River Road||603-726-8843|
|Candia||Candia Gardens||Route 27||603-483-5692|
|Center Barnstead||Crary Waterfalls and Aquatic Nursery||128 Narrows Road||603-269-7769|
|Colebrook||Colebrook Nurseries||RR 1 Box 222||603-237-4848|
|Concord||Gateway Gardens||430 Loudon Road||603-229-0655|
|Conway||Ye Garden Center||558 White Mountain Highway||603-447-2413|
|Cornish||Windsor Road Nursery||RR 2 Box 884||603-543-3239|
|Center Tuftonboro||Spider Web Gardens||252 Middle Road||603-569-5056|
|Derry||Chakarian Farm Greenhouses||114 Island Pond Road||603-432-9103|
|Derry||Rockingham Acres Garden Center||161 Rockingham Road||603-434-2817|
|Dover||Tuttle’s Red Barn||151 Dover Point Road||603-742-4313|
|Dublin||Moose Maple Nursery and Garden||Hancock Road||603-563-8284|
|Epping||Garden Center of Epping||523 Calef Highway||603-679-8600|
|Etna||Mink Brook Farm||4 Old Dana Road||603-643-6323|
|Exeter||Churchill’s Garden Center Inc||12 Hampton Road||603-772-2685|
|Goffstown||Uncanoonuc MT Perennials||452 Mountain Road||603-497-3975|
|Gorham||Lajoie Garden Center||515 Main Street||603-752-4333|
|Grantham||Grantham Greenway Gardens||151 Route 10 N||603-863-9911|
|Hampton Falls||Bayberry Nurseries||151 Kensington Road||603-929-1811|
|Hancock||Find-US-Farm Garden Center||70 N Elmwood Road||603-525-3794|
|Hanover||Mill Gardens||70 River Road||603-643-8700|
|Henniker||Stonefalls Gardens||4 Centervale Road||603-428-6161|
|Hill||Emma’s Perennials||398 Borough Road||603-744-3805|
|Hillsboro||Agway Farm Home and Garden||191 Henniker Street||603-464-3755|
|Hillsboro||Fireside Farm Gardens and Gift||347 Farley Road||603-478-3276|
|Holderness||White Mountain Nursery||Route 113||603-968-9494|
|Hollis||Mixed Border Nursery||363 Pine Hill Road||603-882-5538|
|Hooksett||Faulkner Landscaping and Nursery||1130 Hooksett Road||603-627-9573|
|Hooksett||Osborne’s Agway||343 Londonderry Turnpike||603-627-6855|
|Hudson||Countrybrook Farms||175 Lowell Road||603-886-5200|
|Jaffrey||Coll’s Garden Center||63 North Street||603-532-7516|
|Kensington||Michaud Nurseries Inc||2 Lamprey Road||603-772-3698|
|Laconia||Jenkins Garden Center||441 Elm Street||603-524-3106|
|Lebanon||Longacre’s Nursery Center||220 Mechanic Street||603-448-6110|
|Lee||Fine Garden Art and Ornaments||45 High Road||603-659-2903|
|Litchfield||Boucher’s Greenhouse||17 Charles Bancroft Highway||603-889-5656|
|Londonderry||Green Scene Enterprises||426 Mammoth Road||603-434-7694|
|Londonderry||Orchard Hill Greenhouses||92 Pillsbury Road||603-437-3906|
|Madison||Sweet Woodruggs||13 Route 153 S||603-367-8342|
|Manchester||Demers Garden Center||656 S Mammoth Road||603-625-8298|
|Meredith||Cackleberries Garden Center||419 Daniel Webster Highway||603-279-8728|
|Merrimack||Willow Pond Nursery||130 Bedford Road||603-424-3722|
|Nashua||P K’s Garden Center and Landscape||607 Amherst Street||603-889-9043|
|New Boston||Apple Barn Inc||3 Central Sq||603-487-3460|
|New Durham||Merrymeeting Garden Center||210 State Route 11||603-859-3030|
|Newbury||Lyons Family Nursery||161 Morse Hill Road||603-938-5398|
|Newport||Antiquity Gardens||7 Fletcher Road||603-863-7492|
|Newport||Kathan Gardens||146 Elm Street||603-863-1089|
|North Hampton||North Hill Nursery Outlet||206 Lafayette Road||603-964-7104|
|Northwood||Strafford Gardens||1465 Route 4||603-942-5766|
|Ossipee||Mountain Greenery||755 Route 16||603-539-4943|
|Ossipee||Sias Farm Garden Center||20 Old Route 28||603-539-4602|
|Pelham||Acres Edge Earth Products Inc||76 Bridge Street||603-635-2400|
|Peterborough||Friend of A Gardener||13 School Street #13||603-924-9278|
|Peterborough||Runyon Co||480 Old Greenfield Road||603-924-2500|
|Plymouth||Yeaton Agway Svc||295 Highland Street||603-536-4554|
|Portsmouth||Green Art||116 Sparhawk Street||603-436-3727|
|Portsmouth||Portsmouth Gardens||1000 Woodbury Ave||603-436-9107|
|Portsmouth||Woodbury Gardens||1303 Woodbury Ave||603-431-2767|
|Raymond||Scenic Nursery and Landscaping||9 Dudley Road||603-895-0236|
|Rochester||4J’s Earth Works||4 Old Wakefield Road||603-332-5201|
|Rochester||Camelot Gardens||245 Rochester Hill Road||603-332-8887|
|Rye||Rye Ridge Greenery||630 Washington Road||603-964-5339|
|Salem||Lake Street Garden Center||37 Lake Street||603-893-5858|
|Shelburne||Garden Caboodle||555 State Route 2||603-466-9812|
|Somersworth||Landscape Clinic||203 Route 108||603-742-1032|
|South Hampton||Merritt Nursery||73 Exeter Road||603-394-7396|
|Stratham||Pure Barnyard||91 Portsmouth Ave #D||603-772-4674|
|Stratham||Scamman’s Home and Garden||69 Portsmouth Ave||603-778-0201|
|Stratham||Stratham Circle Nursery||4 College Road||603-778-3711|
|Swanzey||Maple Hill Nursery||197 W Swanzey Road||603-357-2555|
|West Ossipee||Bearcamp Nursery||100 Route 25 W||603-539-1099|
|Westmoreland||Britton’s Country Garden||4 Mount Gilboa Road||603-399-4340|
|Whitefield||Bray Hill Nursery||Bray Hill Road||603-837-2026|
|Wilton||House By the Side of the Road||361 Gibbons Highway||603-654-9888|
|Windham||Delahunty’s Nursery and Florist||41 Range Road||603-893-7155|
|Windham||Remembered Gardens||1 New Road||603-432-1757|