The Gem State, known throughout much of the country for its agricultural strength, lays claim to the towering Western White Pine. Reaching up well over 150 feet in height, the Western White Pine is native to the Sierra Nevada, Cascade, Coast, and Rocky Mountain Ranges and is even commonly called the Idaho Pine, the state which it represents. As is the case with all white pines, the Western White Pine bundles its needles into groups of five and displays narrow cones measuring between 5 to 12 inches in length. Logging and the recent white pine blister rust fungus have endangered the tree, which is often planted as an ornamental in yards. Idaho planters are not relegated to the white pines, though; several varieties of deciduous and coniferous trees are available for planting on Idaho property.
Due to its varied elevations, large area, and proximity to multiple geographical landforms, the smart Idaho grower will need to consider the following; soil type, climate, average precipitation, growing zones, irrigation and weather damage.
Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. If you’re looking for some quick ideas on what to plant, consider the following trees as expert-tested and The Tree Center approved:
#1. Muskogee Crape Myrtle – Ideal for mildew resistance, fragrant lavender blooms, and fast-growing height.
#2. October Glory Maple – Ideal for continuous color, adaptable growing conditions, and landscaping designs.
#3. Cold Hardy Avocado – Ideal for bearing fruit for delicious, edible profits, color, and adaptable qualities.
#4. Willow Hybrid – Ideal for providing privacy, fast-growing properties, and easy care
As property in Idaho continues to be developed, land owners are searching for trees that will provide privacy from prying neighborly eyes and loud, unwanted noise. There are many fast growing privacy trees in Idaho, which will quickly grow after initial planting to offer your property and family long sought-after privacy.
The Thuja Green Giant, a staple of privacy trees throughout the United States, is a fast-growing pine that will quickly provide a barrier between you and your neighbors. Growing between 3-5 feet a year, the Thuja Green Giant will offer your yard classic French design with minimal hassle. Alternatively, the Italian Cypress and American Holly will also add color and privacy to your yard’s perimeter.
For a state as far north and with such extreme elevation changes as Idaho, it is surprising it does not receive more extreme weather. In the west this is in part due to the Pacific Ocean, which while over 350 miles away, is still noted for causing milder summer and winter temperatures. In the east, residents should expect more precipitation in summer and less in winter, where the maritime effect is less prominent. For a northern state, Idaho can get quite hot, with the record temperature standing at 118°F. However, typically even hot days do not inch over 98°F. Winters can also get quite cold, with the record being set at -60°F in 1943. Usually, temperatures only drop below freezing for short spans of time.
Most trees require well-drained soil rich with minerals to grow. Idaho has Threebear soil, a well-draining soil rich with volcanic ash. Western White Pines and Douglas Firs love the soil, as do wildlife. Regardless of the property’s location in The Gem State, a soon-to-be tree planter can perform a simple test to determine his/her soil type.
The test requires a handful of fresh soil from the layer just below the top. It should be damp but not wet. The tester should hold the soil in the palm of his/her hand and, not surprisingly, squeeze. The squeeze will produce one of three events.
1. The soil will hold its shape, likely forming a snake. If you touch the snake, the soil will maintain its original shape. You have CLAY.
2. The soil will hold its shape, likely forming a snake. If you touch the snake, the soil will collapse. You have LOAM.
3. The soil will fall apart as you open your hands. You have SAND.
Once you know what soil type you have, you can find trees best suited to the dirt’s properties. Loam is the best soil to have, as its unique qualities make it ideal for holding and transferring water to trees.
Idaho receives, on average, 36 inches of precipitation annually. Moisture arrives from different areas, with the western portion of the state receiving thunderstorms from the Pacific Ocean and the eastern regions receiving moisture traveling up from the Gulf of Mexico and Caribbean. Precipitation is varied across the state because of this. Regions of north and west report more precipitation in the winter and less in the summer, while southern and eastern regions report the opposite, with greater precipitation falling in the summer and less in the winter.
It is no secret that Idaho is an agricultural state, with its potatoes, barley, beef, beets, sheep, and apples shipped around the country. The availability of irrigation and regulation of water access plays a large part in this. Without water, young trees recently planted will undergo stress, often leading to minimal growth or dying roots. Use sprinklers, furrows, micro-emitters, or drip systems to effectively and efficiently provide water access to newly planted trees to ensure successful growth.
In a state as large as Idaho, with such diverse elevations and weather systems, only ten unique growing zones may seem minimal. A growing zone simply refers to the USDA’s determination of areas where certain plants are most likely to thrive, preferring to focus on minimal temperature ranges in which a plant can survive. In small regions of the east, bordering Wyoming, plants must endure temperatures as low as -45°F, whereas the western border rarely sees temperatures below -15°F.
In recent years, Idaho has seen wildfires, floods, and other severe weather storms affecting the region. Though usually smaller than similar storms in other areas of the country, Idaho suffers from rising temperatures and more frequent heat waves. When planting new trees, the Idaho grower should carefully consider access to water. Irrigation is a great tool to use. Although floods are infrequent, consider trees as a great defense, as deep-rooted trees, like the October Glory Maple, will prevent erosion.
If you prefer to purchase your trees or shrubs in person instead of online, we offer this comprehensive guide to purchasing a tree at your local Idaho nursery or garden center. However, since we don’t actually live in Idaho we can’t guarantee this list to be 100% accurate – but we did attempt to be as accurate as we possibly could. We have no affiliation with any of the businesses listed below and make no guarantees as to the businesses’ ability or the quality of trees you will receive. As with any purchase you make, be sure to check out the business with the Better Business Bureau, references, and any other sources you may have.
|Blackfoot||Riverside Greenhouse||715 W Judicial Street||208-684-4172|
|Boise||Barber Hills Nursery||3400 Barber Drive||208-338-1030|
|Boise||Cloverdale Nursery||2528 N Cloverdale Road||208-375-5262|
|Boise||Coral Gardens||4040 S Mitchell Street||208-362-2824|
|Boise||D G Nursery and Turf||4195 N Eagle Road||208-938-3535|
|Boise||Edwards’ Greenhouses||4106 Sand Creek Street||208-342-7548|
|Boise||Foxy Meadows Nursery||6976 S Five Mile Road||208-362-3794|
|Boise||Garden Center West Inc||11500 W Fairview Avenue||208-376-3322|
|Boise||Hillside Nursery and Landscaping||2350 W Hill Road||208-343-2545|
|Boise||Summer Winds Garden Center Inc||815 Park Boulevard #100||208-345-2559|
|Boise||Sunset Landscape and Nursery||2520 Sunset Avenue||208-343-7999|
|Boise||Zamzows||6313 W Fairview Avenue||208-375-4231|
|Bonners Ferry||Panhandle Nursery Inc||HC 85 Box 131A||208-267-2842|
|Burley||Big Valley Landscaping and Nursery||2125 E 16th Street #3||208-677-2242|
|Burley||Evergreen Nursery and Landscape||1287 W Main Street||208-678-4104|
|Burley||Sunrise Nursery and Landscape||120 E Highway 81||208-678-0405|
|Caldwell||Canyon Lake Gardens||15641 Karcher Road||208-454-3817|
|Caldwell||Kings’ Nursery Inc||9562 Highway 20/26||208-455-9344|
|Caldwell||Sandhollow Nursery||14000 Oasis Road||208-453-5176|
|Caldwell||Sandhollow Nursery||14421 Oasis Road||208-459-7389|
|Cascade||Mountain Magic Nursery and More||406 S Main Street||208-382-6636|
|Challis||Lone Tree Nursery||US 93 South||208-879-2741|
|Dalton Gardens||Ferndale Nursery||6680 N Government Way #4||208-772-4594|
|Driggs||M D Nursery||243 S Highway 33||208-354-8816|
|Eagle||Conifer Corner Tree Farm||10805 Chaparral Road||208-286-7404|
|Garden Valley||Ward’s Green House||1760 Banks Lowman Road||208-462-3486|
|Garden Valley||Warm Springs Greenhouse||126 Warm Springs Road||208-462-3225|
|Grangeville||Rickman’s Rockery||208 NE 7th Street||208-983-0522|
|Hayden Lake||Judy’s Greenhouse||37 W Wyoming Avenue||208-772-2560|
|Horseshoe Bend||Horseshoe Nursery||448 Highway 55||208-793-4121|
|Idaho Falls||Eagle Rock Nursery||1850 Rollandet Street||208-529-3305|
|Idaho Falls||Egan’s Greenhouse||3760 E Ririe Hwy||208-524-7485|
|Idaho Falls||Riverside Landscape and Garden||1546 N 25th E||208-529-0488|
|Idaho Falls||Sunnyside Gardens||2366 E Sunnyside Road||208-522-4660|
|Idaho Falls||Town and Country Gardens Inc||5800 S Yellowstone Hwy||208-522-5247|
|Kimberly||Windsor Greenhouses and Nursery||3796 N 3386 E||208-734-2481|
|Kingston||Bumblebee Nursery||4583 Old River Road #B||208-682-4418|
|Lewiston||American Bonsai||6319 Cougar Ridge Drive||208-743-2132|
|Lewiston||Martin’s Neighborhood Nursery||3810 1/2 14th Street||208-746-8883|
|Malad City||Creative Earth Herb and Perrenial||344 N 400 W||208-766-9233|
|Mc Call||Buffalo Berry Farm||51 E Lake Fork Road||208-634-3062|
|Meridian||C R Care For Trees Meridian||4495 S Meridian Road||208-336-8733|
|Meridian||Good Scents Herbs||1308 N Meridian Road||208-887-1784|
|Meridian||Petal Pusher||545 E Chinden Boulevard||208-895-8557|
|Meridian||Signaturepointe Home and Garden||875 E Chinden Boulevard||208-898-9555|
|Moscow||Hofstrand Haven||1152 Showalter Road||208-882-7364|
|Nampa||2nd Street Nursery||2315 2nd Street S||208-465-6120|
|Nampa||Aldrich Farms and Nursery||10563 Ustick Road||208-465-5210|
|Nampa||Clayton Tree Farm||6622 Joplin Road||208-286-7801|
|Nampa||Enchanted Garden Shoppe||7041 Birch Lane||208-466-4552|
|Nampa||Four Seasons Nurseries||16056 Midland Boulevard||208-466-0580|
|Nampa||Garden in Motion||353 Elijah Drive||208-466-5284|
|Nampa||Greenhurst Nursery||3209 S Happy Valley Road||208-466-5783|
|Nampa||Hoffman’s Greenhouse and Nursery||3332 Caldwell Boulevard||208-466-1977|
|Orofino||Green Things Nursery||13910 Highway 12||208-476-3022|
|Orofino||Reggear Tree Farms||1520 Loseth Road||208-476-7739|
|Paul||Vicki’s Country Gardens||185 S 600 W||208-438-5663|
|Pocatello||Gipsy Gardens||902 S Grant Avenue||208-233-6136|
|Pocatello||Town and Country Gardens||1300 E Oak Street||208-232-7985|
|Post Falls||Northland Nursery||8093 W Prairie Avenue||208-773-3247|
|Post Falls||Plant Mill||306 N Spokane Street #B||208-773-7130|
|Potlatch||Fiddler’s Ridge Garden||1001 Fiddlers Ridge Loop||208-875-1003|
|Preston||Magic Touch Aquatic Nursery||885 W 400 S||208-852-9351|
|Princeton||Hash Tree CO||1199 Bear Creek Road||208-875-1000|
|Rathdrum||Westwood Gardens||14151 W Pond View Road||208-687-5952|
|Rexburg||Mountain Meadows Nursery||230 N Highway 33||208-356-9503|
|Rexburg||Williams Forest Nursery||420 W Poleline Road||208-356-6590|
|Rigby||Garden Gate Nursery||442 N Street Street||208-745-0004|
|Salmon||Blooms Backyard||1115 Bean Lane||208-756-6045|
|Salmon||S D Green Thumb Nursery||5 Beach Road||208-756-2268|
|Sandpoint||All Seasons Garden and Floral||31831 Highway 200||208-265-2944|
|Sandpoint||Arcadia Greenhouses||143 Arcadia Lane||208-263-8922|
|Sandpoint||Crowell’s Land of Christmas||532 Upland Drive||208-263-4318|
|Sandpoint||North Star Farm||9579 Colburn Culver Road||208-263-7108|
|Spirit Lake||Spirit Lake Nursery and Garden||Highway 41||208-623-6406|
|Twin Falls||Kimberly Nurseries||2862 Addison Avenue E||208-733-2717|
|Weiser||Log Cabin Nursery||1016 Haas Road||208-549-2407|
|Wendell||Simerly’s||170 WAvenue C||208-536-6555|