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New Mexico Trees For Sale

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Buying Trees and Shrubs in New Mexico

In New Mexico, the Pinyon Pine stands as a symbolic representation of the state, known for its edible nuts that were once a staple in Native American diets. Limited to elevations between 5,200 and 7,900 feet, this pine typically grows up to 60 feet tall and features small green needles bundled in pairs. The seeds, known as pinyon nuts, are commonly used in various dishes and are dispersed by the Pinyon Jay. While the Pinyon Pine thrives in New Mexico’s dry climate, it also grows across neighboring states like Colorado, Wyoming, Utah, Arizona, and Texas. New Mexican growers have a variety of tree options to consider beyond the Pinyon Pine, taking into account factors such as climate, soil type, average precipitation, irrigation, growing zones, and weather damage.

Best Trees for New Mexico

Read about the specifics for your state in the following sections. If you’re looking for some quick ideas on what to plant, consider the following trees as expert-tested and The Tree Center approved:

  1. Royal Empress Trees – Ideal for providing fast-growing shade, year-round beauty, and drought resistance.
  2. October Glory Maple – Ideal for continuous color, adaptable growing conditions, and landscaping designs.
  3. Cold Hardy Avocado – Ideal for bearing fruit for delicious, edible profits, color, and adaptable qualities.
  4. Muskogee Crape – Ideal for mildew resistance, fragrant lavender blooms, and fast-growing height.

Fast Growing Privacy Trees in New Mexico

New developments throughout the United States mean more infrastructure, more people, and more invasion of privacy. The residents of New Mexico have the option to plant and tend trees that produce privacy, turning away prying eyes and loud noises and instead enjoying the quiet and peace of private property.

The Leyland Cypress is the perfect privacy tree for New Mexican inhabitants. The Leyland Cypress grows quickly, adds distinct charm, and produces thick barriers between a private abode and unwanted chatter. Growing between 3 and 5 feet a year, the Leyland Cypress will give the New Mexican yard the fast-growing privacy for which they have been searching. Alternatively, the Thuja Green Giant and American Holly will bring privacy, color, and solitude to the savvy planter’s yard.

  • Climate

New Mexico shares its borders with Mexico, Texas, and Oklahoma, as well as the famous ‘Four Corners’ between New Mexico, Colorado, Utah, and Arizona. New Mexico is typically described as semi-arid to arid, though its variations in elevation do disrupt climactic descriptions at times. Mountains, high plains, desert, and the Great Plains cover most of the state. Summers in New Mexico are hot, often exceeding 100°F at lower elevations, with the record set in 1994 at 122°F. In higher elevations, average daily summer temperatures linger in the 70s. Winters can be quite cold in high elevation regions, where most cities are located, with the record low, -50°F tied with Maine’s record low temperature.

  • Soil Type

Most trees require well-drained soil rich with minerals to grow. Penistaja soils cover most of New Mexico, and these are productive, loam-based, and high in mineral content. Penistaja soils are widely used for cattle grazing and livestock production. Regardless of the property’s location in the Land of Enchantment, a soon-to-be tree planter can perform a simple test to determine his/her soil type.

In order to determine the type of soil in your yard, try this test to give you a basis for finding the best matched trees. For this test, you will need a healthy handful of soil from the layer beneath the topmost piece of soil. The soil should be a little damp, but not recently watered or wet. Simply squeeze the soil sample and one of the following events will occur.

  1. The soil will hold its shape. If you touch the soil, it will maintain its original shape. You have CLAY.
  2. The soil will hold its shape. If you touch the soil, it will collapse. You have LOAM.
  3. The soil will fall apart as you open your hands. You have SAND.

Once you know what soil type you have, you can find trees best suited to the dirt’s properties. Loam is the best soil to have, as its unique qualities make it ideal for holding and transferring water to trees.

  • Average Precipitation

New Mexico experiences a semi-arid to arid climate, and as such, precipitation is minimal. Santa Fe averages only 14 inches of rainfall a year, and the annual average precipitation totals are less throughout the state. On average, New Mexico receives only 13.9 inches of rainfall annually, typically receiving less than an inch of precipitation a month. Snow is not uncommon in higher elevations, especially mountain ranges, and New Mexico averages 22 inches of snowfall annually.

  • Irrigation

Irrigation is necessary in New Mexico. The past few years have seen a decline in water availability, as droughts and wildfires continue to affect the region. New Mexico State University works in partnership with the state to assist in water management, advocating for drip irrigation systems. These systems work to provide small, but consistent low-pressure water to gardens and new plantings. Newly planted trees must have direct access to water, as the stress of transplantation can be detrimental to successful growth. Ensure an irrigation system is present in order to have a successful new tree on the property.

  • Growing Zones

New Mexico features nine distinct growing zones primarily determined by elevation levels. These zones are crucial for understanding the temperature ranges in which plants can thrive, with northern and higher elevation areas experiencing temperatures ranging from -10°F to -20°F. In regions west of the Jicarilla Apache Indian Reservation, temperatures can plummet to -25°F for extended periods. Near Albuquerque and southward, temperatures may hover around 0°F, while the southernmost areas and regions near Las Cruces and Deming rarely see temperatures dip below 10°F. The mildest low temperature ranges are found along the Arizona border northwest of Silver City, where temperatures seldom drop below 15°F for extended periods.

  • Weather Damage

Despite its location along several fault lines and proximity to California and Arizona, New Mexico experiences rather limited severe earthquakes. Those that do affect the region typically only offer periphery damage. Wildfires and droughts are the most common severe weather to affect the area, often damaging homes and forests. Droughts can be severe, often severely limiting access to water. Flash-floods are an occasional visitor, usually affecting cities where leveled terrain causes the most damage. Trees can be an essential protection, both from flooding and wildfire. Trees can both stabilize high-risk erosion territory and decrease air temperature.