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‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe

Leucothoe fontanesiana 'Rainbow'

‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe

Leucothoe fontanesiana 'Rainbow'

How are the heights measured?

All tree, and nothin' but the tree! We measure from the top of the soil to the top of the tree; the height of the container or the root system is never included in our measurements.

What is a gallon container?

Nursery containers come in a variety of different sizes, and old-school nursery slang has stuck. While the industry-standard terminology is to call the sizes "Gallon Containers", that doesn't exactly translate to the traditional liquid "gallon" size we think of. You'll find we carry young 1-gallons, up to more mature 7-gallons ranging anywhere from 6 inches to 6ft.

How does the delivery process work?

All of our orders ship via FedEx Ground! Once your order is placed online, our magic elves get right to work picking, staging, boxing and shipping your trees. Orders typically ship out within 2 business days. You will receive email notifications along the way on the progress of your order, as well as tracking information to track your plants all the way to their new home!

Why are some states excluded from shipping?

The short & sweet answer is: "United States Department of Agriculture Restrictions." Every state has their own unique USDA restrictions on which plants they allow to come into their state. While we wish we could serve everyone, it's for the safety of native species and helps prevent the spread of invasive disease & pests. We've gotta protect good ole' Mother Nature, after all.

About Me

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‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe is a vibrant evergreen with glossy leaves that are mottled pink, cream and green, turning bright purple for the winter. In spring hanging clusters of white bell-shaped flowers grow from the stems at every point there is a leaf, making an attractive display. It forms a vase-shaped shrub between 3 and 5 feet tall and up to 6 feet across, but it can be trimmed annually to keep up less that 2 feet tall. It thrives in damp shade and is a variety of a native shrub, making it perfect for woodland gardens, slopes and banks, shady areas and for planting by streams and ponds.

  • Bright mottled foliage in cream, pink and green
  • Winter leaves are bright purple and cream
  • Ideal evergreen shrub for shade and damp soil
  • Hanging clusters of white bell-flowers in spring
  • A native plant that is perfect for woodlands and natural gardens

Plant your ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe in full sun if the soil is always damp, and otherwise in partial or light full shade. It is hardy almost everywhere, and grows best in acidic, damp soils containing plenty of organic material. It is normally pest and disease free and not eaten by deer. It tolerates wet soil and coastal salt-spray, but not brackish or salty water.

Plant Hardiness Zones 5-8
Mature Width 3-6
Mature Height 3-5
Soil Conditions Grows in Acidic Soil
Sunlight Full Sun to Full Shade
Drought Tolerance Poor Drought Tolerance
Zones 5-8

Gardening in shade is always difficult – the low light levels dramatically limit the range of plants we can grow. When we do explore the potential plants for shady areas, almost all have deep green leaves. This means that shade plantings can often be all green, and since shade is already darker, the effect can be gloomy and dull – hardly the inspiring look gardeners lust after. That’s why the ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe is such a valuable plant if your shade is not too dry, and your soil is acidic. This is certainly one of the most spectacular of all evergreen shade plants, and it makes a stand-out focal point. It turns ‘drab’ into ‘dramatic’ when planting with dark-green shade plants, because the foliage is boldly mottled with creamy yellow and shades of green, overlaid with bright pink on young leaves. The bright look lasts all summer, and then for winter it becomes purple, keeping some of the white areas too, so that the winter look is different but just as bold.

This plant is native to America, so it’s perfect for wild gardens, and woodland gardens of all kinds, as well as on slopes and around water. It’s a perfect contrast plant to accompany your camellia and azalea plantings, bringing color to areas that are often dull after the spring flower display is over. This plant also adds to that spring display, with attractive hanging clusters of white bells opening all along the stems. If you don’t know this plant, you have been missing out. Now is your chance to correct that.

Growing ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe

Size and Appearance

The ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe is an vase-shaped evergreen shrub, with many slender stems that grow upwards and then arch over, often touching the ground. It will grow to 2 or 3 feet tall and wide, and eventually can reach as much as 5 feet tall and 6 feet wide if left untrimmed. On the other hand, with annual trimming, it can be kept as low as 18 inches above the ground. The 4-inch leaves are slender ovals, with a very finely serrated edge, and a glossy surface. The new leaves emerge flushed with pinkish tones, maturing to an irregular mottling of cream, yellow and green. In late fall and through the winter the leaves turn a purplish-red, keeping some of the creaming mottling as well, and making a bright show in the winter garden.

In May long clusters of white, bell-shaped flowers grow from the upper part of the stems, a cluster at each point where a leaf is attached. The individual flowers are no more than ⅓ of an inch long, similar to the flowers of heather or Pieris. These are often followed by hanging clusters of round, reddish-brown seed pods.

Using ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe in Your Garden

Shade plantings can be dull and dark, since most shade-tolerant plants are dark green. The bright yellows and pinks of the foliage of the ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe makes it really valuable in shade, because it really pops out, a can be seen from a distance across the garden. Plant it at the end of a path to make a vista, or mass-plant it in a shady spot beneath trees, on slopes, or by water.

Hardiness

You can grow the ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe everywhere from zone 5 to zone 9. It grows well in warm areas, and tolerates humidity and summer heat, if the roots are moist.

Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

While it is possible to grow ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe in full sun in cooler zones, if you have a steady supply of water, it is much better suited to partial shade, with just some morning sun, or light full shade, such as the dappled shade in wooded areas. The soil should be acidic, with a pH value below 6.0, and rich in organic material. This plant is not drought resistant, and it thrives in moist to wet soils, although it shouldn’t be grown in stagnant, swampy ground. It will not grow in brackish or salt water, but it is resistant to salt spray in coastal areas.

Maintenance and Pruning

‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe is normally pest and disease free, and not eaten by deer. Besides making sure it doesn’t become too dry – spring mulching makes a big difference – no care is needed. You can trim after flowering as you choose, to maintain a lower height. You can also pin down branch tips to the ground – they will soon root and become independent, allowing you to increase the area being covered and develop a denser planting.

History and Origin of ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe

‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe is a variety of the drooping dog-hobble, Leucothoe fontanesiana, a native shrub that grows especially in the Appalachian mountains, but is also found from New York to Georgia and Alabama. The name dog-hobble is not very appealing – it is called this, or fetterbush, because the dense tangle of stems on the forest floor make it difficult for even dogs to push through. We prefer Leucothoe, pronounced as Leu-ko-thó-ē, with the final ‘e’ separated from the ‘o’. She was the daughter of a mythological king of Babylon, Orchamus, who attracted the attention of the god Apollo. Her father buried her alive for this, but Apollo brought her back as an ‘incense bush’. That couldn’t have been the plant we know today as Leucothoe, because North America hadn’t yet been discovered.

There are two possibilities for the origin of the variety called ‘Rainbow’. Two virtually identical variegated plants were originally found. One, correctly called ‘Girard’s Rainbow’, was discovered at Girard Nursery in Ohio. The other, called simply ‘Rainbow’, was found as a seedling at the nurseries of Hillier Nursery in Chandler’s Ford, England. The names are so similar it seems reasonable to assume that American plants called ‘Rainbow’ originated in Ohio, and British and European ones with Hillier Nursery.

Buying ‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe at the Tree Center

For a big color splash in your shade garden, you can’t beat the ‘Rainbow Drooping Leucothoe. Transform ‘drab’ into ‘dynamite’ with this great plant – but order now, our stock is limited and this shrub is always snapped up the minute it is offered.

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‘Rainbow’ Drooping Leucothoe

Leucothoe fontanesiana 'Rainbow'