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Japanese White Pine

Pinus parviflora (Glauca Group)

This product is currently out of stock and unavailable.

How are the heights measured?

All tree, and nothin' but the tree! We measure from the top of the soil to the top of the tree; the height of the container or the root system is never included in our measurements.

What is a gallon container?

Nursery containers come in a variety of different sizes, and old-school nursery slang has stuck. While the industry-standard terminology is to call the sizes "Gallon Containers", that doesn't exactly translate to the traditional liquid "gallon" size we think of. You'll find we carry young 1-gallons, up to more mature 7-gallons ranging anywhere from 6 inches to 6ft.

How does the delivery process work?

All of our orders ship via FedEx Ground! Once your order is placed online, our magic elves get right to work picking, staging, boxing and shipping your trees. Orders typically ship out within 2 business days. You will receive email notifications along the way on the progress of your order, as well as tracking information to track your plants all the way to their new home!

Why are some states excluded from shipping?

The short & sweet answer is: "United States Department of Agriculture Restrictions." Every state has their own unique USDA restrictions on which plants they allow to come into their state. While we wish we could serve everyone, it's for the safety of native species and helps prevent the spread of invasive disease & pests. We've gotta protect good ole' Mother Nature, after all.

About Me

Japanese White Pine is a medium-sized evergreen tree that will grow between 20 and 40 feet tall. It has a wide, flattened look when mature, with dense bunches of shoots clothing the branches. The needles are tightly packed on the stems, slightly twisted, and of an attractive blueish-green color. This tree is a classic plant for Asian-style and Japanese gardens, and it gives a calm, meditative feel to any garden space at all. It is a popular plant for training, in the ground, or in a pot, but it also grows well as a natural tree in any garden space at all. It makes an attractive lawn specimen, or a background plant to your garden, bringing character, privacy and charm to any space.

  • Beautiful small pine for a specimen tree
  • Essential plant for any Asian-themed garden space
  • Dense, twisted needles are bluish-green
  • Easily grown on any well-drained soil
  • Ideal subject for training or bonsai

Plant the Japanese White Pine in a sunny place, in any well-drained soil. It tolerates poor soils well, and it also grows well in urban areas. It has no significant pests or diseases, and it is moderately drought-resistant when well-established. It is hardy from zone 5 to zone 7, and it prefers cooler areas, with good rainfall. Not recommended for areas with very hot and humid summers. This popular tree is often used for bonsai, or simply grow in a pot with some basic trimming, to bring character to a modern garden space, such as a courtyard or terrace.

Plant Hardiness Zones 5-7
Mature Width 20-50
Mature Height 20-40 ft.
Soil Conditions Any well-drained soil
Sunlight Full sun
Drought Tolerance Moderate
Zones 5-7

Pine trees are among the most beautiful of trees for any garden, and they have a distinctive character and ambience unlike any other evergreens. Their long needles are unique among plants, and instantly spell ‘pine’ to almost everyone. Their bark is often rugged and attractive, and they bring something very special to any garden. Casting only light shade, they do not darken a space the way other, denser evergreens do, so they can be used in smaller spaces, without creating a gloomy atmosphere.

Japanese White Pine is an attractive smaller pine tree, with a great deal of charm and character. It is ideal for any Japanese-style or Asian-themed garden, but in any garden at all (especially a modern or more informal one), it is a terrific choice if you are looking for beauty and character. Use this tree as a lawn specimen. Plant a cluster in a corner of your property, for an attractive background. Use a pair on either side of an entrance, perhaps to a driveway. This is a ‘must-have’ in a Japanese or Asian-style garden, and some trimming and training will help it develop its typical form faster. It can also be grown in a large pot or planter, and it is a popular subject for bonsai too.

Growing Japanese White Pine Trees

Japanese White Pine typically grows into a tree 20 to 40 feet tall, with a wide-spreading crown at least equal to, and often a little more, than its height. The branches spread out in tiers around the trunk, ultimately creating a rather flattened crown, and a feeling of maturity. The needles are about 3-inches long, and they are in bundles of 5, densely clustered on the stems. The foliage is dense, and the needles are often a little twisted. They are an attractive bluish-green, most noticeable on younger shoots in spring and summer.

Planting Location

Plant the Japanese Black Pine in a sunny location. It will grow well in most soils, including poor ones, just so long as they are not soggy and wet. Good drainage is important for this tree. It grows best in cooler areas, with summer rain, and we do not recommend it for hot, humid states in the south. It will grow well, however, in typical urban conditions, making it ideal for town gardens. For a more heat-resistant Japanese pine, and one that is also tolerant of salt and seashore conditions, choose the Japanese Black Pine (Pinus thunbergii).

Using A ‘Candled’ Technique

In Japan – and this is done to Japanese Black Pine too – the needles are ‘candled’ – that is, pinched to remove half to two-thirds of the new growth, branches are tied down to make them more horizontal, and excess branches are removed. The goal is to create a large-scale bonsai tree, growing in the ground, a fitting feature in a Japanese garden. These trees are called niwaki, and with patience, time, and a little skill, you can do this with the trees in your garden too.

History and Origins of the Japanese White Pine

This tree, called by the Japanese goyo-matsu, and by botanists Pinus parviflora, is a forest tree from Japan, where it can reach 80 feet tall. It usually has a single trunk, although some trees have two trunks, splitting low-down in the tree. The trunk of mature trees is very thick, over 3 feet across. It grows wild in Korea and Japan, especially in the more northern parts. It usually grows at higher altitudes, in the mountains. It is a popular tree, along with Japanese Black Pine, in Japanese gardens, and it is considered an essential element in these gardens, part of the ‘Three Friends of Winter’ – pine, bamboo, and plum.

This tree is unusual among pines for having small cones. These are rarely more than 3 inches long, and they are carried on the tree in clusters of up to ten cones. Trees can produce heavy crops of cones, and these open, shedding their seeds, but remain attached to the tree for 5 or 6 years. These clusters can easily be removed if they become unsightly.

In North America the form of this tree that is usually grown is one that has bluish needles, rather than the dark green of wild trees. There are several different forms with this feature, and although sometimes called ‘Glauca’, it is more correct to call these trees members of the Glauca Group. Plain green forms are almost never seen, and it is usual in America to just call this tree Japanese White Pine. Our trees are grown from seed taken from carefully-chosen trees with the best character and strongest needle coloring. With the popularity of Asian-style gardens, there is a big demand for these trees, which are not widely offered in superior forms such as these. So order now while our limited stock of top-quality trees lasts – it won’t be for long.

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Japanese White Pine

Pinus parviflora (Glauca Group)

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