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Zones 4-8
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Zones 4-8

Chinese Chestnut

Castanea mollissima

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Chinese Chestnut

Castanea mollissima

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Special Features
Zone Map
Bird Friendly
Fall Color

Botanical Name

Castanea mollissima

Outdoor Growing zone


Mature Height


Mature Width


Sun needs

Full Sun

The Chinese Chestnut is a beautiful and ornamental large shade tree to plant in your lawn, or with other trees. It is hardy from zone 4, and resistant to heat and humidity. It has interesting scented flowers in late spring, burr-like fruits containing two or three large edible chestnuts, and beautiful golden-yellow fall leaves. It grows into a majestic tree 40 feet tall and wide, or even up to 60 feet. It has a broad, low, spreading and rounded crown, and this multi-purpose tree is very worth growing in any garden with sufficient space. Most importantly of all, it is resistant to the deadly chestnut blight that killed millions of American chestnut trees in the early decades of the last century. This smaller, more compact tree is a useful and attractive substitute for our native species.

  • Handsome large shade tree
  • Beautiful golden yellow fall color
  • Heavy crops of delicious edible nuts
  • Resistant to the deadly chestnut blight
  • Cold, heat and humidity resistant

The Chinese Chestnut will grow best in deep, moist, well-drained soil, but it is adaptable to most soil conditions. Water it regularly when young, to develop a large and deep root-system, so that it will survive future drought periods well. If you are growing for nuts, do not let trees become too dry in summer, as the nut crop will be reduced, and the nuts much smaller. This tree has no significant pests, and since it is resistant to chestnut blight, it will normally not suffer from any diseases. A single tree will produce nuts, but for the heaviest crops plant at least two trees, within a few hundred feet of each other.

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