Texas Ash TreeFraxinus texensis (= Fraxinus albicans)
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Fraxinus texensis (= Fraxinus albicans)
Outdoor Growing zone
The Texas Ash tree is the perfect choice for a shade tree in hot and dry areas. If you live in south-central states, where summers are long, hot and dry, then you need shade in your garden. This tree will give you plenty of it, and thrive without needing watering, once it is established. It will reach a height of 30 to 50 feet, with a spread of 30 to 40 feet, throwing a large circle of shade for you to enjoy when outdoors in summer. This tree can tolerate long periods of drought and grow in poor soils. When fall arrives you will enjoy spectacular fall colors, much better than other species of ash trees, with the leaves turning beautiful pastel shades of yellow, orange, red, gold and purple, and then turning brilliant bright red. The tree is hardy across most of the country, and it is a superior choice for an ash tree, wherever you live – not just in dry places.
The Texas Ash tree should be planted in full sun, in a well-drained soil. It will grow in all kinds of soil, from regular garden soils to dry, sandy and rocky ground. It will grow in shallow soil too, as well as in both acid and alkaline soils. This tree is very tough, but it also adapts and grows well in ordinary conditions. It rarely has any significant pests or diseases, and makes a reliable, very low-maintenance tree, for shade on a lawn or for planting in groups on open, bare ground.
There are many good reasons to choose native trees for your garden, but one of the best is that a tree that grows naturally in your own area is best adapted to your local conditions, and so will thrive. If you live in difficult locations, with hot, dry summers, then many of the trees suggested for the north-east are simply unable to cope with your conditions. That is the time to choose a local tree – one that has evolved for thousands of years to survive in your climate. When it comes to handsome shade trees, with beautiful fall coloring, that are also reliable even in the hottest and driest areas, then the Texas Ash is the top choice.
Texas Ash is a deciduous shade tree that has outstanding resistance to dryness and heat – much more than its close relative the white ash. Ash Trees are generally thought of as trees for cooler climates, growing best in moist soil, but not the Texas Ash. This tree, which grows naturally from eastern Texas and southern Oklahoma down into Durango, Mexico, is found wherever the soil is dry. If this sounds like your garden, then this is the shade tree you want.
Texas Ash grows into an upright tree with a spreading crown. It will in time reach 30 to 50 feet tall, with a crown that can be 30 to 40 feet wide, so make sure you set it at least 20 feet away from your home or your property line. The leaves are 8 inches long, but they appear smaller, because each leaf is divided into 5 leaflets, each about 3 inches long and 2 inches wide. They are bright green on top, and whitish green on the lower surface. (The name ‘Ash’ for these trees comes from that white undersurface to the leaf). One of the outstanding features of this tree is the fall color, which is much more attractive than in white ash. While that tree usually simply turns yellow, the Texas Ash has a full-spectrum fall display, with shade of yellow, orange, red, gold and purple, often ending by the whole tree turning a vibrant scarlet. Insignificant flowers are produced in spring, on separate male and female trees. Female trees produce bunches of fruit in late summer, about one inch long, with a single wing that scatters them in the wind.
The Texas Ash is the perfect shade tree for a lawn where you have no irrigation, or if you need to grow a tree that will have no additional watering once it is established. Of course, the Texas Ash will also grow well in more normal, damper garden conditions, and with its superior fall coloring it is a much better choice than white ash. Since it is hardy from zones 5 to 9, it is a great alternative choice whenever an ash tree is needed. As well as growing it as a shade tree, you can use the Texas Ash in groups, and it is a great choice for difficult areas and sloping sites, where it will bring interest and tree-cover to barren land. The trend today is towards xeric gardening, and this tree, although not typical in appearance of plants for very dry sites, has adapted to them, and it is a great choice for low-water gardening.
Plant the Texas Ash in full sun, in almost any kind of soil. It grows well in poor, sandy soils, both acidic and alkaline, as well as thriving in ordinary garden soil. Do not plant in wet and low-lying areas. This tough tree is normally free of significant pests or diseases. Newly-planted trees should be watered regularly – once a week is about right – for the first growing season, and then once a month for the next couple of summers. After that it will be well-established, and able to thrive even in extended dry periods without any supplementary watering.
The Texas Ash, Fraxinus texensis, is a variant form of the white ash, Fraxinus americana. It grows as an extension of the range of the white ash, being found in dry areas of Oklahoma, Texas and into Mexico. It always grows in drier sites than white ash does. There is a lot of technical botanical discussion about the correct naming of this plant, and some authorities consider it simply a form of the white ash. Other called it Fraxinus albicans, based on the rules of priority of naming, and others consider that species to be the same as Fraxinus americana. Whatever its true position, it is distinctive enough, particularly in its fall coloring, to be grown in gardens as a unique ash tree. Our trees are produced from seed selected from correctly identified plants chosen for their outstanding form and coloring. This tree is in high demand from gardeners wanted drought-resistant plants, and our stock is limited. Order now, and enjoy one of the toughest shade trees available.