Nikko Deutzia

Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko'

Nikko Deutzia

Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko'


How are the heights measured?

All tree, and nothin' but the tree! We measure from the top of the soil to the top of the tree; the height of the container or the root system is never included in our measurements.

What is a gallon container?

Nursery containers come in a variety of different sizes, and old-school nursery slang has stuck. While the industry-standard terminology is to call the sizes "Gallon Containers", that doesn't exactly translate to the traditional liquid "gallon" size we think of. You'll find we carry young 1-gallons, up to more mature 7-gallons ranging anywhere from 6 inches to 6ft.

How does the delivery process work?

All of our orders ship via FedEx Ground! Once your order is placed online, our magic elves get right to work picking, staging, boxing and shipping your trees. Orders typically ship out within 2 business days. You will receive email notifications along the way on the progress of your order, as well as tracking information to track your plants all the way to their new home!

Why are some states excluded from shipping?

The short & sweet answer is: "United States Department of Agriculture Restrictions." Every state has their own unique USDA restrictions on which plants they allow to come into their state. While we wish we could serve everyone, it's for the safety of native species and helps prevent the spread of invasive disease & pests. We've gotta protect good ole' Mother Nature, after all.

About Me


The Nikko Deutzia is a low-growing groundcover deciduous shrub, staying just a couple of feet tall, but spreading as much as 5 feet across. It has attractive light green leaves that are slender like a willow, and these turn dark burgundy in fall. Flowering in spring, it is covered with many open clusters of small, pure-white blooms in April and May, making a great display. Grow it in the front of beds, over slopes, and to fill those inevitable awkward spots found in every garden. Use it in planter boxes and tubs as well, perhaps beneath a small tree or upright shrub.

  • Low spreading groundcover shrub
  • Profuse blooming in April to May
  • Charming spray of pure-white blossoms
  • Rich burgundy fall foliage display
  • Versatile shrub for beds, slopes and planters

Easily grown, the Nikko Deutzia thrives in full sun, but it will be happy in partial shade too. It grows easily in any well-drained soil or almost any kind, growing most vigorously in richer soils with regular watering. It can be trimmed after blooming if needed, but don’t over trim, as the arching form is part of the beauty. Pests, diseases and eve deer normally leave this low-maintenance shrub alone.

Plant Hardiness Zones 5-8
Mature Width 5
Mature Height 2
Sun Needs Full Sun, Partial Sun
Zones 5-8

Every garden needs low-growing groundcover, but it doesn’t have to be the same boring periwinkle, because shrubs offer so much more. The unique Nikko Deutzia certainly does. This beautiful, low, arching shrub won’t grow more than a couple of feet tall, but one bush will cover an area 5 feet across, spreading over the ground, down slopes and over rocks. It looks great trailing over a wall too, or even spilling out of a large planter. The lovely willow-like leaves turn wonderful shades of burgundy in fall and best of all are the weeks in spring when it blooms. The clusters of pure-white flowers are carried profusely all over the branches, and their soft fragrance is a delight. One of the best shrubs for small gardens, the lines of its slender arching branches are even lovely in winter, rising above any snow, or catching the winter light. Take a miss on the usual culprits found in dull gardens, and go for the experts’ choice instead when you want to fill the foreground of your beds – go for the Nikko Deutzia, one of the most versatile and lovely garden shrubs available.

Growing the Nikko Deutzia

Size and Appearance

The Nikko Deutzia is a low-growing deciduous shrub with many arching branches that rise just a foot or two above the ground. Each year it spreads wider, and a mature plant will be about 5 feet across, with many interlaced branches forming a solid mass of vegetation. The leaves are an attractive bright green, and they are slender and pointed, reminiscent of a willow-leaf. They are almost 2½ inches long, and in fall they turn rich shades of burgundy, making a great show alongside other fall-foliage trees and shrubs in your garden. The bare twigs are an attractive soft light gray.

Flowers appear in April or May, and blooming is always profuse and reliable. Every new shoot terminates in a long cluster of small star-shaped blossoms. Just ¼ inch across, they make up for their small size by arriving in profusion, making a wonderful display of pure-white. They brighten up any bed, and never clash with your existing plants, no matter what colors those blossoms are.

Using the Nikko Deutzia in Your Garden

It is amazing how versatile this shrub is. It looks just as good fronting a border of large shrubs as it does nestling up against a boulder. Fill those awkward corners and soften the edges of terraces, paths and driveways. Use it as ground cover over any unsightly part of your garden, or to disguise a manhole cover or drain opening. It looks great spilling down slopes, and the branches and roots reduce soil erosion and wash-out. Single plants are perfect for smaller gardens, or mass plant it for larger areas, spacing plants 3 feet apart – just a few will cover a large space very effectively. If you have large planter pots with trees or other taller shrubs, grow the Nikko Deutzia beneath them for a look that is both striking and delicate. Mix it with more upright plants in planter boxes around a patio. Wherever you see a bare spot, think Nikko Deutzia.


This reliable shrub is completely cold hardy in zone 5, and reliable throughout all but the hottest parts of the country, growing well in zone 8.

Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

The versatility of the Nikko Deutzia is clear from its light needs. Blooming will be most profuse in full sun, but it will grow happily in a variety of light conditions. It also grows well in partial shade, even preferring some shade in the afternoon when grown in hot areas. It is just as easy about soil, since it will grow across a wide range of soils, as long as the spot has good drainage. Both acid and alkaline soils are acceptable, and established plants have some drought tolerance, although regular watering will keep it happiest.

Maintenance and Pruning

There is very little needed to keep the Nikko Deutzia growing well. Pests, diseases and even deer normally leave it alone, and it can be left to take care of itself. If you do want to trim it, do this immediately after flowering, perhaps shortening back any longer stems to encourage bushy growth. Don’t over-trim, as the natural arching form is a large part of the beauty, and too much trimming will also inhibit flowering.

History and Origin of the Nikko Deutzia

The Nikko Deutzia was originally grown at Watanabe Nursery in Gotemba City, Japan. In 1976 the Director of the US National Arboretum in Washington D.C., John Creech, was travelling in Japan with the Arboretum’s Chief Horticulturist, Sylvester March. They brought this novel shrub back to the Arboretum, believing it was a species called Deutzia nakaiana. In the 1980’s it was re-examined by the Arboretum’s plant taxonomist, Frederick Meyer and Roy Davidson, a plantsman at the Bellevue Botanic Garden in Washington state. They decided it was in fact a form of the slender deutzia, Deutzia gracilis. In 1976-77 a nurseryman at Greenbank Nursery in Cumbria, England, called C.G. Hollett, coined the name ‘Nikko’ for this plant. By the time it was being more widely grown in the late 1980s that became the accepted name for this unique variety. It was taken up with enthusiasm by the gardening world, winning the Pennsylvania Horticultural Society Gold Medal Plant Award in 1989, and the Award of Garden Merit from the Royal Horticultural Society in the UK in 1996.

Buying the Nikko Deutzia at the Tree Center

We love how easy-care groundcover shrubs bring permanence and stability to your garden, and save work too. The one thing that isn’t permanent is our supply of this incredibly popular shrub, and we know our Nikko Deutzia won’t be around long. Order what you need now, as the ‘out of stock’ sign will be going up soon.

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Nikko Deutzia

Deutzia gracilis 'Nikko'