The Tree Center

Canaertii Juniper

Juniperus virginiana 'Canaertii'

How are the heights measured?

All tree, and nothin' but the tree! We measure from the top of the soil to the top of the tree; the height of the container or the root system is never included in our measurements.

What is a gallon container?

Nursery containers come in a variety of different sizes, and old-school nursery slang has stuck. While the industry-standard terminology is to call the sizes "Gallon Containers", that doesn't exactly translate to the traditional liquid "gallon" size we think of. You'll find we carry young 1-gallons, up to more mature 7-gallons ranging anywhere from 6 inches to 6ft.

How does the delivery process work?

All of our orders ship via FedEx Ground! Once your order is placed online, our magic elves get right to work picking, staging, boxing and shipping your trees. Orders typically ship out within 2 business days. You will receive email notifications along the way on the progress of your order, as well as tracking information to track your plants all the way to their new home!

Why are some states excluded from shipping?

The short & sweet answer is: "United States Department of Agriculture Restrictions." Every state has their own unique USDA restrictions on which plants they allow to come into their state. While we wish we could serve everyone, it's for the safety of native species and helps prevent the spread of invasive disease & pests. We've gotta protect good ole' Mother Nature, after all.

About Me

The Canaertii Juniper is a tree that grows to 20 feet, and ultimately to 40 feet, beginning with an upright, conical form, and maturing to a more angular, spreading tree of striking beauty. It has rich green foliage that usually stays bright and fresh all winter. It is decorated with a big harvest of berries, colored cobalt-blue, purple and violet, with a gray bloom. These are very showy against the green leaves and make this tree an attractive garden feature. Use it as a specimen anywhere in the garden, or in a row as a screening tree.

  • Upright tree developing a spreading habit in time
  • Bright deep-green foliage year-round
  • Big crop of blue and purple berries
  • Very cold and drought resistant
  • Ideal for specimens or screening

Grow the Canaertii Juniper in full sun or some partial shade. It literally grows anywhere in the country, tolerating all kinds of soils, from rock to clay, in almost every zone. It is free of pests or diseases, and it is ignored by deer and rabbits. It needs no trimming, and this tree combines outstanding garden features with incredibly low maintenance requirements.

Plant Hardiness Zones 3-9
Mature Width 6-15
Mature Height 20-40
Soil Conditions Well-Drained Soil
Sunlight Full Sun to Light Shade
Drought Tolerance Very Drought Resistant
Zones 3-9

When admiring – and planting – all the beautiful blue, silver or gold evergreens available, there is always a danger of over- doing it. That is, of not putting enough green in your garden. That’s right, green is a color too, and an important one in gardens, because it provides the calm background for the colorful action of more showy plants. This is especially true when planting evergreens, because there are so many with colored foliage. All this makes the Canaertii Juniper a valuable (and beautiful) tree, because its foliage is a rich true-green, free of gold, blue or silver overtones. Gazing at one is a very satisfying experience, soaking up all that calming green. This bush doesn’t stop there though, because it brightens that green with a big annual crop of berries, which vary in color from cobalt-blue to purple and violet, with a beautiful dusting of light-gray powder to enhance their coloring. This is a relatively large tree which begins life as a slender column, and then matures to an interesting angular tree of stature and rugged beauty.

Growing the Canaertii Juniper

Size and Appearance

The Canaertii Juniper is a columnar to spreading tree, reaching about 20 feet within 15 years, and maturing to 40 feet or even more. When young it will be no more than 6 feet wide, but it will in time, untrimmed, spread to 15 feet or so across. It has strong upright branches and a central trunk, and when mature – or if pruned up earlier – it has a very attractive trunk, with deep vertical fluting, a flaring base, and peeling bark in strong colors of reddish-brown. Young trees have a tight, conical form, but as the tree develops and matures it begins to spread outwards, growing in time into a fascinating irregular tree with spreading branches.

The leaves of this tree are very small, like flat scales that cling to the smaller branches, forming dense clusters. This is the ‘adult’ foliage of Juniper trees, and it is soft to the touch and quite different from the spikey ‘juvenile’ foliage found on many other junipers. The color of the needles is a bright, rich green all year round, holding well in winter in all but the coldest zones, where it may sometimes take on some brown shades for a few months. The foliage and wood have an attractive, pungent ‘cedar’ smell when crushed.

This is a female tree (Junipers have separate male and female trees) and it is outstanding for the reliable and heavy crops of juniper berries it carries from a relatively early age. In early summer these are green, but they soon become colorful, taking on many shades of bright blue, purple and violet, dusted with a ‘bloom’ of soft blue-gray, like plums are. They really show well against the dark green of the foliage and make an outstanding and special garden feature of this tree. These are not the berries used for cooking and flavoring gin, and they will be taken by birds in winter as a valuable food. To be sure of a big berry display, we recommend planting a Hillspire Juniper in your garden as well, as this male tree will provide plenty of pollen for your Canaertii Juniper.

Using the Canaertii Juniper in Your Garden

The Canaertii Juniper is an excellent specimen tree to use anywhere in your garden. Plant it on a lawn, or at the back of beds, or plant a row as a screen. Grow it on slopes and rocky ground, and in dry, sun-drenched places. When choosing a spot allow for its future large size, and don’t plant beneath power lines or too close to a house or boundary. This tree is a good garden choice almost everywhere, including coastal and seaside gardens. A native tree, it is also a good choice for natural and wild gardens.

Hardiness

The Canaertii Juniper is extremely cold resistant, growing easily in zone 3 and perhaps in zone 2 as well. Yet it grows perfectly in hot zones, all the way into zone 9. Except for southern Florida and the coastal areas of southern California, this truly is a tree that can be grown anywhere in the country.

Sun Exposure and Soil Conditions

Plant the Canaertii Juniper in full sun. It will also tolerate a little light partial shade, but not very much. It will grow in almost any type of soil, as long as it is well-drained. Alkaline soils, clay, sand and gravel – these are all suitable conditions. Don’t plant in areas that are always wet. Once established it is very drought resistant, and normally never needs watering, even during long periods of hot, dry weather. It is also resistant to salt spray, from either oceans or winter roads.

Maintenance and Pruning

During the first couple of years, water regularly during warmer months, and deeply in late fall. After that this tree is effectively maintenance-free and needs no special attention. Once it has begun to grow out, check that it just has one central shoot growing up. If not, remove any weaker ones, as a single central trunk is best for the look and durability of this tree. The tree is free of pests or diseases, and both deer and rabbits leave it alone.

It can be trimmed if you want, but for that look you might want to choose another green-leaf Juniper, perhaps an Emerald Feather™ Juniper or a Spartan Juniper, as much of the beauty of the Canaertii Juniper is in its natural form, berry crops and ultimate angular growth – and you will diminish all of these by trimming.

History and Origin of the Canaertii Juniper

The native American tree Juniperus virginiana is often also called Red Cedar, although it is not truly a cedar tree. It has a wide distribution across the east, all the way from Canada down to Florida and around the Gulf of Mexico. It also grows west to the Great Plains. It is usually found growing in open ground, in rocky areas and abandoned fields. The variety called ‘Canaertii’, with its unique features, was named after the Belgian horticulturist Frederic Canaert d’Hamale, and discovered sometime before 1868. It is not clear if Canaert actually discovered it, perhaps as a seedling, or someone else.

Buying the Canaertii Juniper at The Tree Center

There can be a certain ‘sameness’ about some evergreens, but not this one. The Canaertii Juniper has outstanding garden value, and considering how tough and durable it is, it deserves to be grown much more widely. Take this chance to grow an easy and unique tree, but our stock is very limited, so order right away.

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Canaertii Juniper

Juniperus virginiana 'Canaertii'

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