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Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea

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Balsam Fir

Abies balsamea

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Special Features
Zone Map
Bird Friendly
Tolerates Acidic Soil
Winter Color

Botanical Name

Abies balsamea

Outdoor Growing zone


Mature Height


Mature Width


Sun needs

Full Sun, Partial Sun

The Balsam Fir is a stunning medium-sized conifer well suited for growing in areas of the country where winters are the coldest. It is hardy to temperatures reaching -40 degrees F and where summers are cool and conditions are not warm and humid. Those living in the coolest portions of USDA zone 6 will have the best success growing this magnificent tree. If you would like to add an outdoor Christmas tree to your property that makes a fabulous specimen, then look no further because a Balsam Fir fits the bill.

  • Spectacular specimen conifer
  • Lustrous dark-green needles
  • Cylindrical purple seed cones
  • Thrives in the coldest locations
  • Perfect outdoor Christmas tree
  • Great value to wildlife

The needled evergreen grows up to 70 feet tall at maturity with a width of around 25 feet. The Balsam Fir is long-lived and grows slowly, adding an additional 12 inches or less each year to its height. The aromatic conifer develops a narrow and symmetrical spire-shaped, dense crown. In addition, the resinous branches are covered in 1-inch, flat needles that are shiny and dark-green on top, with silvery bottoms marked with two white or gray bands.

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